Photo: Claudia Bieling

The role of cultural ecosystem services in landscape management and planning

This paper synthesizes recent empirical evidence and discusses what consideration of cultural ecosystem services adds to landscape management and planning.

Cultural ecosystem services are strong motivators both for individual landowners and community-level engagement, shows a recent review of empirical evidence, and it is common that they are co-generated with provisional services, like hunting and berry picking. However, cultural ecosystem services often encourage the preservation of traditional land uses, which is not always beneficial for environmental sustainability. Therefore, it is important for landscape planning to consider the trade-offs and synergies between multiple ecosystem services.

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Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability


PECS - Programme on Ecosystem Change and Society

Stockholm Resilience Centre

Stockholm University
SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Visiting address: Kräftriket 2

+46 734 60 70 68


The Programme on Ecosystem Change and Society (PECS), is a core project of Future Earth. It aims to integrate research on the stewardship of social–ecological system and the relationships among natural capital, human wellbeing, livelihoods, inequality and poverty.